By William Lockley Miller
Established upon surveys and interviews with govt officers and electorate, this e-book specializes in matters akin to bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of data in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and examine public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They show how the matter of electorate' interactions with officers varies in variety in addition to in measure around the international locations of important and japanese Europe.
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Extra resources for A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe
81 It is especially unlikely that history can exercise a determining influence over political values or behaviour when history does not represent a political or cultural tradition. It is important to distinguish between a voluntary tradition and an imposed domination of the kind that constituted so much of the history of our four countries. The first may be carried forward by the people, and with some enthusiasm. The second is nothing but a set of chains to be cast off at the first opportunity.
Or,moregenerally,a ‘cultureofcorruption’model for ‘them’anda‘victims of circumstances’ model for ‘us’. But the distinction between the two ideal models is important nonetheless. It is also why we paidso much attention to personal experienceof extortion by officials and to officials’ reports about the frequency of tempting offers from theirclients-both of which may affect behaviour despite contrary values and norms. Coping with Government 17 DO HISTORY AND CULTURE EXCLUDE THE POSSIBILITY OF REFORM?
It will take time for the old corrupt ways of communism to be replaced by thoseof free-market democracy, but change and reformare possible, even natural. Old ways and old thinking may linger on but if the conditions that created and sustained them no longer exist, then they will fade. 77The anonymous director of an NGO in post-communist Europe finds it necessary to assertthat ‘a civil society is one where citizens have rights and not just obligation^'^*neatly inverting the rhetoric of contemporary advocates of ‘the middle 20 A Culture of Corruption?
A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe by William Lockley Miller