A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy, Volume 1: by Eliezer Schweid PDF

By Eliezer Schweid

ISBN-10: 9004207333

ISBN-13: 9789004207332

A entire, interdisciplinary account of the most important thinkers and activities in glossy Jewish inspiration, within the context of basic philosophy and Jewish social-political ancient advancements. quantity 1 (of five) covers the interval from Spinoza during the Enlightenment.

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Extra info for A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy, Volume 1: The Period of the Enlightenment (Supplements to The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy, Volume 14)

Sample text

Basically, they sought to consolidate their own sense of identity by achieving harmony with their environment. But this gave rise to a dual conflict, arising on the one hand from their sense of independent religious identity, and on the other hand from their new universal cultural identity, presenting two different ways of grasping the universal significance of the Jewish Torah and of the status of the Jewish people among the gentiles. The first presented a conception of a particularistic universalism, identifying and singling out the Israelite people through its religion, based on revelation.

Therefore, it could also be seen in the realm of religious ritual, which was closely connected with human beings’ involvement with nature for the sake of their survival, and with their social and political organization. Many examples substantiate this. We will content ourselves here with pointing out that the prophets, and even more the priests, did not entirely deny the very existence of the forces of nature, or humanity’s direct dependency on them, and so they did not deny the need to relate to these forces through religious ritual.

Rational philosophy itself retraced its steps and stood repeatedly on the threshold of religion when it encountered dilemmas whose source is the finitude of human reason, faced with the infinitude of the world and the mystery of its source. On the other hand, religion did not readily surrender its truth or its status. The first natural reaction of traditional philosophers of religion was to reject the new and reaffirm the traditional positions with their old intellectual tools. However, the more that the limitations and difficulties of the new philosophy vis-à-vis religion became obvious, the more evident became the preferable alternative to use the new philosophical categories to reestablish religion, its faith, its values, its symbols, and its ways in the center of spiritual creativity of modern humanism.

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A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy, Volume 1: The Period of the Enlightenment (Supplements to The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy, Volume 14) by Eliezer Schweid

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