By Elizabeth Rose
American citizens at the present time stay with conflicting rules approximately day care. We criticize moms who pick out to not remain at domestic, yet we strain girls on welfare to depart their young ones at the back of. We realize the advantages of early early life schooling, yet don't supply it as a public correct until eventually young ones input kindergarten. our kids are helpful, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly lady crew which cares for them. we aren't rather convinced if day care is dangerous or necessary for kids, or if moms may still particularly be within the team. to higher know how we have now arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.
A Mother's Job is the 1st booklet to provide such an exploration. consequently examine of Philadelphia, Rose examines the various meanings of day take care of households and prone from the past due 19th century in the course of the postwar prosperity of the Nineteen Fifties. Drawing on richly distinctive documents created by means of social employees, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.
How did day care switch from a charity for bad unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a famous desire of standard households by means of 1960? This ebook lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social staff who administered it. We see day care in the course of the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.
This quantity will entice somebody attracted to realizing the roots of our present day care challenge, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns during which the foremost questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social background, women's historical past, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come upon a lot necessary details during this well-written book.
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Additional info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
71 Such family ties ensured that control of day nurseries, as well as of other charities, would remain within a closed circle of likeminded people. Similarly, Alice Griswold of the Franklin Day Nursery wrote in 1917, “We have all been friends for so long—one can scarcely tell at a meeting who is chairman of what. . ”72 Charitable work, an expression of the concept of noblesse oblige, was an expected part of these women’s lives, an important indicator of their upper-class status. 74 In 1913, the society page of the Philadelphia Record featured an article about the First Day Nursery.
E. B. DuBois described as the center of African-American life in Philadelphia, mothers went out to work in large numbers in order to supplement the small wages of men who worked as day laborers, stevedores, porters, and custodians. 37 When African-American women in Philadelphia did go out to work, it was most often as a domestic servant. Seventy-one percent of the African-American mothers using the St. 39 Many domestic servants were required to live at their employers’ houses and had to board their children with other women or keep them with relatives.
Memberships were passed from mother to daughter as part of the duties of upper-class womanhood. For instance, at the First Day Nursery, “Mrs. Maxwell Wyeth was unanimously elected to the board to ﬁll the place left vacant by the death of Mrs. ”82 In fact, extending membership to female relatives of women already serving on the board was so common that occasionally a mistake was made: At a 1918 meeting, the First Day Nursery board learned that “Mrs. 83 The elite standing of many day nursery board members, and their access to the wealth of their families, was vital, since board members were responsible for raising the funds necessary to operate the nurseries, as well as for overseeing their daily operations.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003) by Elizabeth Rose