Download e-book for kindle: Advances in nuclear science and technology. / Volume 4 by Paul Greebler, Ernest J. Henley

By Paul Greebler, Ernest J. Henley

ISBN-10: 1483199584

ISBN-13: 9781483199580

ISBN-10: 1483224619

ISBN-13: 9781483224619

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Irradiation experiments at high temperatures have indicated that a maximum fuel temperature of 1600° to 1700°C is acceptable, and a maximum surface temperature of 1000° to 1200°C is satisfactory. Typically, the high-temperature reactors are designed for hot-spot temperatures of about 1500°C and maximum surface temperatures of 1000° to 1100°C. In-pile tests of coated fuel particles and fuel element sections indicate excellent behavior even after very large burnup exposures. The first Peach Bottom core is designed for an average fuel burnup of about 32 H.

5-21 Primary system inside vessel Core inside vessel -•-Outside core Dungeness B I 230 Arrangement Wylfa 480 Insulation (Hot face),°F Pressure, psi Oldbury Below core - · — A r o u n d core 1967 1967 1968 • — « - B e l o w core — 1970 1971 1972 F I G . 7. Comparison o f several prestressed concrete reactor vessels. internal diameters of up to 96 ft are already under construction. , a preliminary examination has indicated that a 100-ft-diam vessel could accommodate an HTGR and associated primary circuit equipment capable of producing approximately 4000 MWe.

The reactor conditions shown in the table were chosen to reflect advances in technology expected for each of the reactor concepts. It can be seen, in the case of the converter reactors, that the fuel requirements to meet the increasing inventory for the assumed growth rate are, in general, about equal to or slightly larger than the requirements for uranium to cover net fuel burnup. Consequently, small improvements in conversion ratio will not substantially change the overall requirements for uranium during the period when rapid buildup of nuclear plants is occurring.

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Advances in nuclear science and technology. / Volume 4 by Paul Greebler, Ernest J. Henley


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