By Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson
This research of the expansion of welfare spending examines the relative influence of sophistication and standing teams as opposed to demographic composition and political constructions. precise awareness is given to the position of the elderly as consultant of the significance of ascription and middle-class teams in welfare development, and to the impact of welfare spending on source of revenue inequality. combination cross-national information from the UN, ILO, and the realm financial institution are analyzed and the belief is drawn that an enormous elderly inhabitants, specially together with democratic political methods, is an immediate and the most important impact at the point of welfare spending.
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Extra info for Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs)
1975; Przeworski, 1985:201). Up to this point, the monopoly capitalism theories show some similarities to the functionalist, industrialism theories. Myles (1984) argues that both theories are structural-functionalist, since both see the welfare state as responding to functional imperatives: In one case, the imperatives are technological; in the other case, they relate to the needs of monopoly capitalism. In Stinchcombe's (1968:80) terminology, functional explanations treat the consequences of a social arrangement as the causes of that arrangement.
As a result, nations tend to converge, or become more similar, as they industrialize (Inkeles, 1981). Like other institutions, the state responds to exogenous technological imperatives and takes a specific form in all advanced industrial 26 Age, class, politics, and the welfare state nations. The state performs a regulatory function to help organize and plan for technological development and to provide the stable environment needed for complex production procedures. Expansion of the state is closely tied to the direct requirements of the industrialization process and contributes to economic progress (Goldthorpe, 1969).
We begin this effort by making a distinction between demand-based theories, which attend to the externally generated demands of groups and classes for spending, and state-based or supply theories, which consider the characteristics of states that autonomously determine the supply of spending. Concentrating initially on the demand theories, we review the three questions raised at the outset of the book but attach more distinct theoretical labels to the answers and systematically present the theories.
Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs) by Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson