By James W. Readman (auth.), Ioannis K. Konstantinou (eds.)
This quantity describes the cutting-edge advances concerning antifouling paint biocides and gives thorough review of analysis and knowledge on significant themes akin to incidence and degrees, environmental destiny, analytical options and techniques for the tracking and keep an eye on, environmental modeling, ecotoxicological results and hazard evaluate putting emphasis at the wisdom obtained during the last 10 years. The infection of the aquatic setting by means of antifouling compounds has been an issue of accelerating value over the last few years.
The significant periods of antifouling energetic biocides are mentioned together with the old school organotin compounds, the fashionable natural booster biocides and the promising certainly happening antifoulant items. for that reason, the reader gets a balanced view of this constructing box. Chapters have been written by way of major specialists of their box who significantly surveyed the entire significant components of development. This quantity is a vital source and will represent a great grounding within the box of antifouling paint biocides.
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Extra resources for Antifouling Paint Biocides
3 Organotin Compounds and Their Properties Organotin Compounds . . . . . . Properties of Organotin Compounds . . Toxicities of Triorganotin Compounds . . 3 Degradation of Organotin Compounds . . . . . . . Organotin Compounds as Ideal Antifoulants . . . . . Degradation of Organotin Compounds by Hydrolysis, Ultraviolet Light and Microorganisms . . . Half-lives of Organotin Compounds in Seawater and Sediment . . 19 19 22 23 . . . . . . . 27 27 .
135]. 05 nd nd a Algae were cultured in seawater media. 04 µg L–1 . 01 µg L–1 ) The fate of TBT with a subtropical seagrass bed including Thalassia testudinum and associated fauna was studied over 3 or 6 weeks by dosing weekly for 24 h with 14 C-labeled TBT. The TBT was rapidly removed from the water column (half-life of 10–20 h), primarily through absorption onto sediment and seagrass leaves. By contrast, 12 microcosms that received similar TBT doses but that contained only seawater had TBT removal half-life of 2–7 days.
3 Half-lives of Organotin Compounds in Seawater and Sediment After the environmental problems of organotin antifouling paints became evident, the stability of the organotin compounds such as TBT and TPT compounds in terms of the half-lives have been reported in many articles. These organotins are degraded by hydrolysis in water with sunlight and microorganisms at a room temperature. Hence, data for the half-lives in natural seawater, in fresh water or in pure water in the laboratory vary with the intensity of light, temperature, types or amounts of organisms, ﬂow rates of seawater, types or amounts of ions in seawater, and amounts of the organotin compounds.
Antifouling Paint Biocides by James W. Readman (auth.), Ioannis K. Konstantinou (eds.)