Aspects of Metaphor - download pdf or read online

By Susan Haack (auth.), Jaakko Hintikka (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048143853

ISBN-13: 9789048143856

ISBN-10: 9401583153

ISBN-13: 9789401583152

Jaakko Hintikka is the writer or co-author of thirty volumes and of a few three hundred scholarly articles in mathematical and philosophical common sense, epistemology, language concept, philosophy of technological know-how, heritage of principles and background of philosophy, together with Aristotle, Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Peirce, The Bloomsbury workforce, Husserl and Wittgenstein. He has additionally been energetic in overseas scholarly corporations, so much lately because the First Vice-President of FISP, Vice-President of IIP and Co-Chair of the yank Organizing Committee of the 20 th global Congress of Philosophy. He has been Editor-in-Chief of the overseas magazine Synthese and the handling Editor of SyntheseLibrary considering that 1965.

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The treatment of these two families of tropes is fundamentally different. 5 I try to make this point clear in the closing chapter of Figuratively Speaking. 6 It is, of course, possible to combine metaphors with other tropes. Metaphors can, for example, be used ironically. I do not, however, see any reason to treat Tirrell's example as a combination of hyperbole and metaphor. It is simply an instance of hyperbola using vivid imagery. 7 In Chapter II of Figuratively Speaking. 8 In passing, Tirrell's explication of the Koufax example seems completely unpersuasive.

ROBERT J. FOGELIN METAPHORS, SIMILES AND SIMILARITY The simile is also a metaphor. {Similes] are to be employed just as metaphors are, since they really are the same thing . . Aristotle (Rhetoric, 1406b) With few exceptions, recent writers on metaphor begin their discussions with an attack on the traditional view that metaphors are elliptical similes. The elliptical simile view, in its simplest form, is that similes are used to express comparisons and metaphors are simply elliptical similes. For reasons that will emerge later, stated this way, the view is too simple - among other things, it does not always seem possible (or useful) to transpose constructions that are legitimately called metaphors into constructions with the grammatical shape of a simile.

If I am right in my reading, Aristotle holds a nonreductive simile theory as well. Tirrell's strategy in dealing with the reductive simile theory is to argue that (1) and (3) are both false. " (340) So much, then, for reductionism in all of its forms. Of course, as a defender of what Tirrell calls a nonreductive simile theory, I do not accept (3). Indeed, I have explicitly rejected it. ' (29) It is, however, understandable that Tirrell attributes thesis (1) to me, for in careless moments I actually commit myself to it.

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Aspects of Metaphor by Susan Haack (auth.), Jaakko Hintikka (eds.)


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