By Herbert N. Foerstel
From colonial occasions to the current, the media in the United States has been topic to censorship demanding situations and rules. This entire reference advisor to media censorship presents in-depth insurance of every media format?newspapers, magazines, films, radio, tv, and the Internet?all of which were, and stay, battlegrounds for First modification concerns. each one media layout is tested in-depth, from its origins and historical past via its smooth improvement, and contours dialogue of landmark incidents and situations. Foerstel, writer of Banned within the america, the acclaimed reference consultant to booklet censorship in colleges and public libraries, bargains a quick historical past of media censorship, examines in-depth the drama of 7 landmark incidents, and comprises 31 suitable lawsuits. Complementing the amount are own interviews with favourite sufferers of media censorship, who supply human voice to the fight of the media to stay unfastened, and an exam of censorship of the coed press. attention-grabbing examples of media censorship abound, from Peter Zengers prerevolutionary trial for seditious libel to the trendy tobacco industrys invocation of tortious interference to silence tv information and the present rash of web censorship incidents. bankruptcy 1 bargains a short background of censorship of every of the media varieties. bankruptcy 2 beneficial properties indepth research of 7 landmark media censorship incidents: the trial of John Peter Zenger, H. L. Mencken and the hatrack case, John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, innovative magazines expos^De at the H-bomb mystery, executive labeling of 3 documentary movies as political propaganda, televisions tobacco wars, and Carnegie Mellons try to censor scholars entry to the net. bankruptcy three examines 31 media censorship complaints from 1735 to 1997. bankruptcy four good points particular interviews with media figures eager about censorship concerns or cases?Paul Jarrico, Howard Morland, Peter Sussman, Daniel Schorr, Walter Cronkite, and Jerry Berman. Appendix A takes a glance at censorship and reaction in regards to the scholar press in the course of the Nineteen Nineties, after the landmark Hazelwood determination in 1988?an vital subject for college kids in each highschool. Appendix B encompasses a source checklist of media advocacy and censorship firms. a particular bibliography of books and digital assets completes the textual content. This quantity is of curiosity to highschool and faculty scholars, academics, librarians and students, and all those who find themselves plagued by those the most important First modification matters.
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From colonial occasions to the current, the media in the United States has been topic to censorship demanding situations and rules. This accomplished reference advisor to media censorship presents in-depth insurance of every media structure? newspapers, magazines, films, radio, tv, and the net? all of which were, and remain, battlegrounds for First modification matters.
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Extra info for Banned in the Media A Reference Guide to Censorship in the Press, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, and the Internet
V. Wilson the Supreme Court ruled that motion pictures were entitled to the guarantees of freedom of speech and press (see Chapter 3). In particular, the Court ruled that a movie cannot be banned on the charge of sacrilege, and the ban on The Miracle was lifted. When Geoff Shurlock was appointed director of the Production 24 • Banned in the Media Code Administration in 1954, he concluded that unless the association dealt more flexibly with motion-picture producers, the code would soon be discarded as an irrelevancy.
The Miracle, based on an original story by Federico Fellini, tells the tale of a peasant woman who, under the influence of wine and religious emotion, permits a stranger, whom she takes to be Saint Joseph, to seduce her. She subsequently bears a child whom she regards as immaculately conceived. " In a statement intended to go beyond the Catholic community, Spellman summoned" all people with a sense of decency to refrain from seeing it and supporting the venal purveyors of such pictures. "35 The film was subsequently banned in New York City and New York State.
When he got back to his office, there was a message for him from a longtime friend at the agency warning him not to lose his temper again in front of influential people. ' " Years later, Goodson recalled the "dark terror ofthe television blacklisting days" and admitted that most of those who had been caught in the middle of the storm had developed fuzzy memories-perhaps deliberately. "We dig into our consciences to examine the part we played in that shameful era," said Goodson. "Like the French after the liberation, we all claim to have been part of the resistance....
Banned in the Media A Reference Guide to Censorship in the Press, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, and the Internet by Herbert N. Foerstel