By Mark B. Salter
The terrorist assaults in ny and Washington have resulted in renowned conceptions of Muslims as terrorists. a few commentators have harked again to the 'Clash of Civilizations' argument defined via Samuel Huntington which has turn into a touchstone in postcolonial reviews. Huntington argued that, after the cave in of the chilly warfare, tradition might turn into the most axis of clash for civilizational alliances. Mark Salter takes factor with Huntington's thought and explains how the phrases of his argument are a part of an imperialist discourse that casts different civilizations as primarily barbarian.Although many commentators have engaged with Huntington's claims, few have pursued the political implications of his argument. Barbarians and Civilisation bargains a decisive exploration of the colonial rhetoric inherent in present political discourse. Charting the usefulness of recommendations of tradition and identification for figuring out international politics, Salter brilliantly illustrates the advantages and the restrictions of the civilized/barbarian dichotomy in diplomacy.
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Extra info for Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations
However, it should be noted that the illustrations of Egyptian monuments are all but devoid of ‘real’ Egyptians and resemble empty theatrical stages waiting for European players. 70 The extent to which early writers were complicit in military and governmental structures is striking. Qxd 26/7/02 1:29 pm Page 41 Empire of Barbarians 41 of Upper Egypt, [Napoleon] sent me with the division which was to achieve the conquest of that territory . . In short, I made so truly a part of the battalion it formed, and within which I had in a manner taken up my abode, that I was frequently in the heat of action without recollecting myself, and without reflecting that war was foreign to my avocations.
Two notable incidents indicate the ‘barbarity’ of Europeans breaking their own codes of ‘civilized’ warfare in the colonies: the asphyxiation of over 500 Arab fugitive men, women and children by the French military commander Pélissier in the Dahna caves in 1845, 64 and the massacre, and subsequent desecration, by the English of the Sudanese Madhi and his forces, who had slaughtered General Gordon in Khartoum. From both the colonized and colonizer points of view, the threat in the colonies was dispersed and continual: the colonized feared state and extra-governmental violence just as the colonizers feared uprising and rebellion.
92 Stoler notes how a discourse of ‘degeneracy’ connected race and culture to citizenship. 93 It is interesting to note that by the middle of the nineteenth century, the passport had ceased to be used in Europe, but was resurrected in the colonies as a means of controlling the native population. 94 The passport as a marker of identity also made it unnecessary for the European administrator to differentiate between colonized individuals – which reaffirmed his own identity as a differentiated member of the white, ruling class.
Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations by Mark B. Salter