Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An - download pdf or read online

By Michel Paty (auth.), Décio Krause, Antonio Videira (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048194210

ISBN-13: 9789048194216

This quantity within the Brazilian experiences within the Philososophy and historical past of technological know-how is the 1st try and current to a common viewers a few works that have been performed in Brazil on ths topic. The incorporated papers are unique, achieving a striking variety of correct issues of philosophy of technology, common sense and at the historical past of technology. The Brazilian neighborhood has elevated within the final years in volume and in caliber of the works, so much of them being released in good foreign journals at the topic. there's a casual yet common one of the philosophers and historians of technological know-how that the works has to be of top of the range, and we are hoping this quantity could give a contribution to frequent this concept. The chapters of this quantity are forwarded by means of a basic creation, which goals at to cartoon not just the contents of the chapters, however it is conceived as a historic and conceptual advisor in regards to the improvement of box, as constructed in Brazil. The creation intends to be be very priceless to the interestes readers, and never basically to the experts aiding them to judge the creation of this kingdom that it really is elevating up within the overseas context.

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52 See, in particular, his 100 p. Introductory Essay to his new translation in Portuguese of Wittgenstein’s, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus entitled “The Essence of the Proposition and the Essence of the World” (in Wittgenstein (1921) 1994, p. 11–112). 53 More on some of them in the presentation of their contributions, below. 54 Cf. Pessoa (2001). 1 Introduction 21 concern being about agriculture, biotechnologies and transgenic food -, and looking for alternative conceptions which take into account popular movements.

The introduction of qualitative methods in the most exact of the sciences, Mathematics, was due to Henri Poincaré’s seminal work on systems of differential equations and on the three body problem. It has been developed afterwards by other mathematicians such as George D. Birkhoff in USA and by the Russian school, and has led to the development, in the last 40 years, of the so-called dynamics of “chaotic systems” in theoretical physics. The true initiators of the latter were David Ruelle and Floris Takens, in that their treatment, considering a limited number of parameters – instead of an infinite number, as the idea prevailed before -, prepared the possibility of studying such systems in laboratory through experiments.

In her paper on “Regeneration as a Difficulty for the Theory of Natural Selection: Morgan’s Changing Attitudes, 1897–1932”, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira Martins calls our attention on an episode of the reception of the Darwinian Theory of Natural Selection. She evokes, among the partisans of the theory, August Weissmann, and among the opponents (at least partially, and in a first stage of his thought), Thomas Morgan to whom she devotes the main part of her study. The author follows Morgan’s arguments centered on the observed phenomenon of regeneration in some invertebrates, which Morgan himself studied experimentally and to which, so it seemed to Morgan, the hypothesis of natural selection was not suited.

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Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An Account of Recent Works by Michel Paty (auth.), Décio Krause, Antonio Videira (eds.)


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