By Angus Konstam
The release of HMS Dreadnought in 1906 replaced the face of naval battle. This innovative new battleship was once in a league of her personal, in a position to taking up any "pre-dreadnought" battleships in a instantly struggle. A naval palms race among Britain and Germany, as either international locations hurriedly equipped a fleet of those strong new warships. This race led inexorably to the outbreak of an international battle. in the course of international battle I those dreadnoughts shaped the spine of the British Grand Fleet. In could 1916, those battleships positioned to sea to intercept their opposite numbers within the German excessive Seas fleet. the end result used to be the conflict of Jutland, a bruising high-stakes stumble upon the place the layout and development of Britain's innovative new battleships used to be placed to the try. the 1st half-dozen dreadnoughts have been all advancements of the fundamental Dreadnought layout, all sporting ten 12-inch weapons. It was once basically in 1911, with the release of HMS Neptune that the format of this strong armament was once altered due to functional event. extra models of the Neptune entered carrier later that very same 12 months. those 9 greater dreadnoughts shaped the center of the British excessive Seas Fleet. they might quickly, in spite of the fact that, be outclassed via a brand new breed of "super dreadnoughts", the topic of the second one quantity during this two-part tale. whereas those new battleships carried greater 13.5-inch weapons, they proved much less winning as all-round battleships than their extra lightly-armed predecessors. Naval architects have been slowly studying that with smooth battleships, layout concerned a compromise among firepower, safeguard and pace. One final 12-inch gun dreadnought entered provider in 1914, while a seven turret battleship being equipped for the Turks was once commandeered by means of the Royal military, and re-named HMS Agincourt. This New forefront identify, the 1st of 2 masking those recognized warships will discover the whole tale of the British battleships of global struggle I. The e-book will examine their innovative layout, the 12-inch weapons that supplied them with their firepower, and how those weapons have been fired in anger.
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Additional info for British Battleships 1914-18 (1): The Early Dreadnoughts (New Vanguard, Volume 200)
She remained with the squadron until after the battle of Jutland. com Dreadnoughts at anchor in Scapa Flow, as depicted in a painting by the naval artist W. L. Wyllie. Of particular note here is the plethora of small vessels in the painting – ships’ boats, supply craft and even a recreational sailing yawl. She almost missed the battle, as in April 1916 Neptune collided with a merchantman, but her damage was minimal, and after undergoing repairs she rejoined the squadron just in time to play her part in the battle.
Damage control parties would stand by in readiness to repair any damage to fuel lines or steam pipes, to counter flooding, or to rig emergency power cables or lighting if required. However, there was little her crew could do to improve their chances of surviving a hit from an enemy shell; they had to rely on the armoured protection provided by the ship designers for that. They could play their part by maintaining good watertight In Dreadnought the armour was concentrated along her waterline belt, which was thicker between her turrets than it was closer to her bow and stern.
In Hercules this took the form of small gun shields, while on Colossus her guns were protected by drop-down mantlets. The redundant torpedo nets were lost during the winter of 1915–16. During their refits of 1917 these two dreadnoughts had their after flying decks removed, and three 4-inch guns were replaced by two AA weapons – a 4-inch and a 3-inch weapon, mounted on the quarterdeck and after superstructure respectively. Agincourt Before Agincourt entered service with the Royal Navy she underwent modification – the most significant part of which was the removal of her large flying bridge.
British Battleships 1914-18 (1): The Early Dreadnoughts (New Vanguard, Volume 200) by Angus Konstam