By Saeid Golkar
Iran's association for the Mobilization of the Oppressed (Sazeman-e Basij-e Mostazafan), generally called the Basij, is a paramilitary association utilized by the regime to suppress dissidents, vote as a bloc, and indoctrinate Iranian electorate. Captive Society surveys the Basij's heritage, constitution, and sociology, in addition to its impression on Iranian society, its economic system, and its academic procedure. Saied Golkar's account attracts not just on released materials―including Basij and progressive shield courses, allied web pages, and blogs―but additionally on his personal casual communications with Basij contributors whereas learning and instructing in Iranian universities as lately as 2014. moreover, he comprises findings from surveys and interviews he carried out whereas in Iran.
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Extra resources for Captive Society: The Basij Militia and Social Control in Iran
During the fifth parliamentary election, on April 6, 1996, IRGC deputy commander Yahya (Rahim) Safavi asked Basiji to vote in favor of the more conservative party, the Militant Clergy Association. ”34 The conservative wing, which was close to the Supreme Leader, won the majority of parliamentary seats in that election, and fifteen IRGC members were elected as members of Parliament. For the first time after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the IRGC and the Basij became involved in politics, in spite of Ayatollah Khomeini’s recommendation to Iran’s armed forces not to become involved in politics.
Involvement also gives the military a different set of political interests and motivations, causing it to act in a way that will improve its own economic opportunities. Likewise, its involvement in politics may also focus on the promotion and implementation of its interests. It is accepted that the more the military is involved in the economy, the higher the threat of military involvement in politics. 48 In extreme cases, a military’s penetration into the political area may result in the establishment of military rule.
59 Unlike the Basij’s military and ideological training in other Iranian provinces, this course focused on naval technique in order to prepare the Basiji for naval battle in the Persian Gulf. ”60 Tangsiri also stated that these groups are organized into various units, such as diving, navigation, and naval infantry. Ayatollah Khamenei continued to call for “strengthening the Basij” and “speeding up” the development and expansion of the Basij to “a multimillion army” in November 2007. To implement the Change and Evolution Plan (Tarh-e Tahvol va Taali), General Safavi was replaced by General Jafari on 26 the history and transformation of the basij, 1980–2013 September 29, 2007.
Captive Society: The Basij Militia and Social Control in Iran by Saeid Golkar